Just because a scene appears a certain way does not mean that is the best way to photograph it.
Composition is all about deciding how to arrange the objects in a frame. It is just as important as deciding how you manage the flow of light into the camera.
There are many different guidelines to help you get creative with composition. Let’s take a look at two well known guidelines below. If you would like to learn more about composition you may want to take a look at joining us on a Wildlife Photography Essentials Workshop or 1 Day Photography Workshop.
The rule of thirds is the most common and basic composition rule and just about every photography book will mention. The rule of thirds is a compositional tool, whereby the image frame is divided by equally spaced horizontal and vertical lines at one-third intervals.
The theory is that if you place points of interest at the intersecting horizontal and vertical lines or along the lines, your image is more balanced and will enable a viewer to interact more naturally with it.
The rule of thirds works. It opens up the picture space and helps to emphasize not just the main subject, but also surrounding objects and detail.
The background in an image is just as important as the foreground or subject of an image. It often happens that wildlife photographers photograph a scene, and only once their images are downloaded, realise they did not think about the background or foreground of the image.
Always be aware of the background and foreground when composing an image. Look around and to try to ‘de-clutter’ and draw more focus onto your subject. This is achieved with an unobtrusive background. You may need to move to a new angle or position to do this (if possible).
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